If you have acne, you are probably embarrassed and upset. Acne is an outbreak of pimples or blackheads or other blemishes that appear on the face or other parts of the body. You want an acne treatment that works so you can get rid of it quickly. But first you need to understand what can cause acne.
What Causes Acne?
Acne is caused by an overproduction of oil and dead skin cells that enter the skin follicles. It plugs the follicles and thus swells and causes the lump or blemish. It can also be caused by bacteria or pus-filled lesions.
Together, they form a kind of biological blockage that clogs the pore opening and causes the follicle underneath to swell. Doctors today believe that one key thing that causes acne is inflammation, so if you want an acne treatment that works, you need something that treats skin inflammation.
Another thing to know is that everyone’s skin is different and therefore what will act as an acne treatment that works for one person may not work for another. You may need to try more than one acne product to get the clear skin results you want.
Types of acne treatment
There are several types of acne treatments so try to find an acne treatment that works. Here are some suggestions:
Over-the-counter acne treatments
Over-the-counter types generally fall into two categories, pore cleansers or products that stop excess oil or hormone production that can cause breakouts.
These products can be purchased without a prescription and generally contain benzyl peroxide or salicylic acid. Sometimes it is better to try two or three different brands of these types of products and turn them off every month or so. This is because the body can become resistant to a particular product and this overcomes it and prevents that from happening as you search for an acne product that works best for your situation.
Here’s a little more in-depth on the ingredients in some over-the-counter acne medications:
Benzyl peroxide – Benzyl peroxide comes in varying concentrations from 2.5 to 10 percent, but be careful if you have sensitive skin because it can cause dry skin, redness, burning, and peeling in some people.
Salicylic acid. This slows the shedding of dead skin cells so that the hair follicles don’t get as clogged, occurs in concentrations of 5 to 2 percent, and can cause stinging and irritation in some people.
Alpha hydroxy acids. Glycolic acid and lactic acid are alpha hydroxy acids that are used in some over-the-counter acne products. They are an acne treatment that works by removing dead skin cells, reducing inflammation, and stimulating new skin growth to promote smooth skin.
Sulfur-This removes dead skin cells to prevent pore clogging and removes oil. It can cause dry skin for some people and has a strong odor.
Another possibility is the Zeno, which is an electronic device that removes pimples and uses heat to kill bacteria that can cause pimples. It is FDA approved and is an acne treatment that works for many people. Talk to your doctor about it. It’s said to work about 70 percent of the time, but it generally works best if the acne problem is mild and not widespread.
Treatments prescribed by the doctor
If you have severe acne, you may need a prescription from your doctor. Sometimes an antibiotic is needed to get rid of acne-causing bacteria and this may be an acne treatment that works for you. They are often used in conjunction with an over-the-counter topical product and a good facial cleansing routine.
Several of the antibiotics prescribed for acne include products like Solodyn, which is time-release, as well as minocycline and Oracea, which contains doxycycline. If a middle-aged woman has acne, doctors may prescribe an off-label treatment for Aldactone, which is an anti-androgen drug that dries out the skin and works best on acne on the chin and jawline.
Some women also find birth control pills to be an acne treatment that works for them if their acne is caused by hormonal problems. An advantage is that it can also control mood swings and make a woman’s period more regular and less painful.
A drug that is an acne treatment that works by suppressing oil production is called Accutane or isotretinoin in its generic form. You need a prescription for it.
Another relatively new acne treatment that works for some people is laser treatments. These are expensive, but they can help some acne sufferers. One type of laser treatment works to inhibit the bacteria that sometimes cause acne.
Another laser-like treatment for acne is photodynamic therapy. This is sometimes combined with a topical treatment called Levulan, for two types of action to get rid of acne problems.
In general, finding an acne treatment that works for you can be frustrating, but there will surely be one of the above treatments that will get the job done. Start with the cheapest one, or if your situation is really bad, consult a dermatologist or family doctor for advice. Above all, wash your face every day with non-medicated soaps, do not pinch or squeeze pimples or acne breakouts, and keep hair and hands away from the face.
Use all acne treatments only as prescribed and if you don’t see any results in a couple of months, it’s definitely time to see your doctor for something that is an acne treatment that works for your situation. Nobody likes acne breakouts, but there is hope to get rid and prevent the problem attacking your skin. Try one of these acne treatments that work today and soon you may have clearer, brighter skin.